AALEP — Association of Accredited Public Policy Advocates to the European Union

AEBF — Asia-Europe Business Forum

AEC — ASEAN Economic Community

AFTA — ASEAN Free Trade Area

ALGI — Association of the Lao Garment Industry

AMCHAM — American Chamber of Commerce

ANZBA — Australia-New Zealand Business Association

ASEAN — Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASYCUDA — Automated System for Customs Data

AUF — Agence universitaire de la Francophonie

BCEL — Banque pour le Commerce Extérieur Lao

BDS — Business Development Services

BMO — Business Member Organisations

BMZ — German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development

BoL — Bank of Lao PDR

BTA — Bilateral Trade Agreements

BTT — Business Turnover Tax

CIF — Cost, Insurance, Freight

CPMI — Committee for Promotion and Management of Investment

DOSMEP — Department for Small and Medium Sized Enterprise Promotion

DPI — Department for Planning and Investment

DTA — Double Taxation Agreements

DTIS — Diagnostic Trade Integration Study

EBO — European Business Organisation

ECCIL — European Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the Lao PDR

EDL — Électricité du Laos

FDI — Foreign Direct Investment

GATT — General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP — Gross Domestic Product

GIZ — Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit

GMS — Greater Mekong Subregion

GoL — Government of Lao PDR

GSP — General Special Preference

HDI — Human Development Index

IMF — International Monetary Fund

IPD — Investment Promotion Department

KfW — Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau

LATA — Lao Association of Travel Agents

LBF — Lao Business Forum

LCA — Lao Coffee Association

LDB — Lao Development Bank

LDC — Least-Developed Country

LFA — Lao Furniture Association

LFNC — Lao Front for National Construction

LHA — Lao Handicrafts Association

LHRA — Lao Hotel and Restaurant Association

LNCCI — Lao National Chamber of Commerce & Industry

LPRP — Lao People’s Revolutionary Party

LSEC — Lao Securities Exchange Commission

LSX — Lao Security Exchange

MoIC — Ministry of Industry and Commerce

MPDF — Mekong Project Development Facility

MPI — Ministry for Planning and Investment

NA — National Assembly

NAST — National Authority for Science and Technology

NCSEZ — Lao National Committee for Special Economic Zones

NEM — New Economic Mechanism

NGO — Non-Governmental Organisation

NPS — National Payment System

NTB — Non-Tariff Barriers

OEDR — Office of Economic Dispute Resolution

OIF — Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

OSU — One-Stop Service Unit

PMO — Prime Minister’s Office

PPO — Public Prosecutor’s Office

SEZ — Special Economic Zone

SOCB — State-Owned Commercial Bank

SPS — Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

TBT — Technical Barriers to Trade

UEDR — Unit for Economic Dispute Resolution

VAT — Value Added Tax

WIPO — World Intellectual Property Organisation

WTO — World Trade Organisation


Bank of the Lao PDR (BOL) (2011): Annual Economic Report 2011. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

DFDL (2011): Laos Legal, Tax & Investment Guide. 2011 – 2012 Edition. Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

DFDL (2012): Tax Reform 2012. Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR.

DG Trade (2012): EU Bilateral Trade and Trade with the World.

Doing Business (2013): Economy Profile: Lao PDR. Washington DC.

Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) (2012): Country Report Laos. London.

European Commission (2012): Generalised scheme of preferences. Everything But Arms.

Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) (2011): Foreign Agricultural Investment Country Profile. Lao People’s Democratic Republic.

Deutscche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (2012): Enterprise Survey 2011. Volume 1: Main Report. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

International Labour Organization (ILO) (2012) (et al.): Lao PDR. Labour Force and using Child Labour. Survey 2010. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Investment Promotion Department (IPD) (2011): Investment Guide Book. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

KPMG (2009): Investment in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR.

KPMG (2012): Taxes and Regulations in the Lao PDR. Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR.

Lao National Committee for Special Economic Zone (NCSEZ) (2012): Development Strategy for Special and Specific Economic Zone (SEZ) in the Lao PDR, 2011-2020. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Lao Voices (2012): LSX receives funding for IT infrastructure.

Leebouapao, L. (2010): Trade liberalization under ACFTA and its possible impacts on the Lao industries.

McDonald Steed McGrath (2012a): How do I start my own business in Laos? Vientiane, Lao PDR.

McDonald Steed McGrath (2012b): Enforcement of Contracts in Laos. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

McDonald Steed McGrath (2012c): Doing Business in the Lao PDR. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

McDonald Steed McGrath (2012d): Land in Laos: Can I have some please? Vientiane, Lao PDR.

McDonald Steed McGrath (2012e): The Basic Rules of Employment in Laos. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Microfinance Working Group for the Lao PDR: The Microfinance Sector in the Lao PDR.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lao PDR (MoFA) (2012): Lao Political Structure.

Ministry of Industry and Commerce of Lao PDR (MoIC) (2011): Trade Facilitation Strategic Plan for Lao PDR (2011 – 2015). Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Ministry of Industry and Commerce of Lao PDR (MoIC) (2012a): Diagnostic Trade Integration Study 2012. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Ministry of Industry and Commerce of Lao PDR (MoIC) (2012b): Guide to Import and Export. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) (2011): The Seventh Five-Year National Socio-Economic Development Plan (2011-2015). Vientiane, Lao PDR.

OECD (2012): Aid Effectiveness 2011: Progress in Implementing the Paris Declaration – Volume II Country Chapters : Lao PDR.

Stuart-Fox, M. (2011): Countries at the Crossroads 2011: Laos.

United Nations (2010): An investment guide to the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Opportunities and Conditions. New York, Geneva.

U.S. Commercial Service (2012): Doing Business in Laos: 2012 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies.

U.S. Department of State (2011): 2010 Human Rights Report: Laos.

U.S. Department of State (2012): 2012 Investment Climate Statement – Laos.

Vientiane Times (2012): Single window system set to ease customs process.

World Bank (2012): Lao PDR. Economic Monitor May 2012 – Update. Vientiane, Lao PDR.

World Bank (2013): Interest rate spread.

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